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Turkmenistan president Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov publishes his own “Ruhnama”

May 28, 2010 Comments off

©  Reflections on the Ruhnama
By Steve in Wisconsin
Publication date:  May 28, 2010

[Blogmaster note:  I encourage my readers to visit the webpage associated with this article to view the photos. Click here for original article.]

The following article is reprinted with permission from Ferghana.ru, Moscow.

Great ordinary person:  The book about the president is published in Turkmenistan
©  Ferghana.ru
By Mariya Yanovskaya
May 28, 2010

It has been many years since I last read such books. “The true fact is that foundations of all current reforms and achievements have been built by skillful manager, talented organizer and the initiator of current development phase, deep public reforms – the Son of his nation – Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov”.

“The grandson, materializing the dream of the grandfather”, was published by Turkmen state publishing service in 2010 with 10.5 thousand copies. The book includes 22 articles of Tachmamed Djurdekov, written in October 2007-November 2009 period, plus introduction and conclusion. All articles are dedicated to brightest son of Turkmen people, the leader of Turkmen Renaissance, great person, responsible for his nation – the Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov.

“5000 year old Turkmen people have always been reading. Everyone knows this fact; and now, it is obvious to the entire world”, Djurdekov writes. “I know what the book is all about. I am holding it.”

Not a single word about Niyazov

In the previous period Rukhnama was the book, loved by Turkmens. The new book says no word about Rukhnama or Saparmurat Turkmenbashi the Great… as if they never existed… All actions in Turkmenistan are approved by Berdymukhammedov that materializes the dream of his grandfather, but not some Niyazov: “Thank God the current president is the Grandson, materializing the dream of his grandfather. There are no unmanageable tasks for him”.

The international neutrality of Turkmenistan is also the achievement of President Berdymukhammedov. “Empowered by God and having 5000 thousand years of history, Turkmens, recently electing Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov as the President, made the right choice. Turkmenistan is the center of stability, prosperity, unity and peace in our planet. Our respected President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov, the envoy of God and the son of his nation, is the leader of this distinguished effort that within short terms brought the universal recognition, respect and popularity”.

None of Nyazov’s initiatives, picked up or stopped by Berdymukhammedov, is referred to Turkmenbashi. “Thanks to outstanding efforts of our wise President the circus culture is reviving after years of non-existence”. The context implies that the stagnation of Turkmen circus culture is reasoned by Soviet rule that produced horse meat sausages.

According to the book, the Renaissance is the renaissance not after Niyazov’s rule, as it was taken by the world community, but after Soviet rule. Djurdekov does not specify what has been done in 15 years of independence since 1991.

Sometimes Tachmamed Djurekov mentions the facts of his own biography. In 1964 he graduated from library department of Moscow State University of culture and worked in the state library of Turkmenistan (today’s National Library). Djurdekov also worked in the Turkmenistan’s Communist party central committee cultural affairs department. Supernormal adoration of management was never a sin in Turkmenistan but the written adoration statements became popular only since gaining independence.

Love the book, the source of knowledge

So what is his grandfather’s dream is all about? The grandfather was the teacher and loved reading. His son also worked in the secondary school and loved reading. The wife of his son also loved reading. The grandson-president, no doubt, loves reading and wants all Turkmen study hard.

“There are many books he read while a child. He was thinking about them and dreaming for many years”. This is another author writing about another national leader. But the main focus is the same.

“The president of our country is not only the doctor, but also great Person, bearing full responsibility for his nation and, most importantly, for public health. This unique thing impressed everyone”. “I felt breathtaking moments while reading the photocopy of the decree”.

The president for Djurdekov is god, tsar, unachievable ideal, whose footprints he is ready to kiss. Any word by Berdymukhammedov impresses Djurdekov. “He (president – editorial note) says the following about literature: “…I believe the fiction has important meaning not only for the health of certain people, but also healthy development of entire society”. Literature, book, the public health! Can you see the harmony and integrity!”, Djurdekov emphasizes.

Today, such obvious flattery and adoration by the ruler can be found only in the anecdotes and at Djurdekov’s works. In the entire books Djurdekov is describing the truth, one after another. “No one felt disappointed after reading books. The book enriches the spiritual world of the person”. “Today this spiritual woman became sacred mother for all Turkmen. Acknowledgment of this woman means the acknowledgement of holiness” (about President’s mother).

Sacred Gurbanguly

Little Gurbanguly loved reading. “Despite being a student he had to live home early in the morning he did not feel tired. He spent 8 hours in the university, listening and writing down the notes.

“He absorbed all scientific viewpoints, analyzed and accepted them. His favorite hobby was reading. He enjoyed visiting the library, the source of spiritual wealth. He could not see his life without books”.

And now the great leader and teacher – “by the will of God” – is leading the republic. “Berdymukhammed aga (grandfather – editorial note) could not even think that his grandson will become the president”.

The book was published in three languages: Turkmen, Russian and English. Allegedly, there are also copies in German and Chinese, but this has not been verified. However, nothing prevents Germans and Chinese to publish this book because of the potential preferences.

The personality cult

“The grandson, materializing the dream of the grandfather” is de facto “The literature in the ear of the personality cult”. After publishing this book we can forget about pre-election promises of Berdymukhammedov and our own hopes for regime liberalization in Turkmenistan.

Turkmenistan established the cult of personality and oriental despotism. The editor of the book is Victor Khramov, the deputy head of President’s office, “the mastermind” and ideologist of Niyazov’s cult. The same expert is building the personality cult of Berdymukhammedov. Ferghana.Ru sources report that the book about great grandson will be studied in schools and university, just as Rukhnama.

“The successes of our country, led by respected President, attract the world attention to Turkmenistan”, writes Djurdekov.

This is true. MSF already produced killing report about healthcare system in Turkmenistan. UN already started learning the situation with secret jails in Turkmenistan.

Nonetheless, the world community will be better off taking a closer look to Ashkhabad and feel sorry for those who have to live “under major patron of independence”.

[End.]

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Turkmenistan: Multi-party politics as a means of strengthening President Berdymukhammedov’s regime

May 15, 2010 Comments off

©  Reflections on the Ruhnama
By Steve in Wisconsin
Publication date:  May 15, 2010

President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov is advocating the formation of a second political party in Turkmenistan, which, in effect, would make the country a “multi-party democracy” – at least on paper. Addressing the Council of Elders yesterday in the town of Dashoguz he said that Turkmenistan is ready for a multi-party system, reports the Turkmen service of Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty.

President Berdymukhammedov, perceived by many as a pro-Western stooge, illegally assumed the presidency after the mysterious death of Saparmyrat Niyazov (Turkmenbashy the Great), the country’s first president and author of Ruhnama. Speculation is rife that Niyazov was poisoned in retaliation for shifting natural gas exports towards the East, notably China, and his disinclination to support Western ventures – everything from criticism of the proposed Trans-Caspian pipeline project to refusing to allow Afghanistan-bound military hardware and “coalition” troops to use his country as a staging and transit hub. Niyazov’s alleged assassination paved the way for “regime change” whereby Berdymukhammedov, the Minister of Health, became president after having the rightful successor, Ovezgeldy Atayev (the Speaker of Parliament), imprisoned immediately after Niyazov’s fatal “heart attack”.

The Halk Maslahaty (People’s Council consisting of elders and representatives from throughout Turkmenistan – and loyal to Niyazov) confirmed Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov’s presidency after he kissed the Ruhnama and promised to stay the course. After receiving confirmation, however, he disbanded the Halk Maslahaty. He then wrote a new constitution (because his actions were illegal under the original constitution) and began belittling the importance of Ruhnama (which says that any actions that violate the original constitution – such as the presidency passing to someone other than the Speaker of Parliament under these circumstances – are also illegal).

Berdymukhammedov’s presidency has been characterized by purging government of any officials who may, however remotely, be “suspected” of disloyalty. His predecessor’s appointees are no longer there – including numerous “career employees” whose only fault was being hired during Niyazov’s administration. Whereas the president tolerates no opposition, it is foolish to think he is committed to multi-party democracy. Rather, a second political party would serve as a means of identifying those individuals who are not 100% supportive of his rule.

A presidential declaration advocating a second political party is, however, not without an ulterior motive. To make such a statement and then fail to implement it would be counter-productive to Berdymukhammedov’s pro-Western image. Therefore, it is likely that a second political party will be formed (with members’ names on file with the government) as:

1)  a public-relations stunt for foreign consumption

2)  a justification for NATO and Western intervention to rescue President Berdymukhammedov’s fledgling “democracy” should Turkmenistan (and her vast natural gas reserves) be under threat, and

3)  to prevent a Kyrgyzstan-style people’s revolution by identifying and neutralizing potential individual and group (associative) threats in advance.

Absent from the president’s multi-party plan, however, is how to address the issue of Islamic fundamentalism. Just like Afghanistan’s puppet Karzai administration – which held “national elections” without the participation of the Taliban – President Berdymukhammedov is laying the groundwork for a home-grown insurgency by establishing a multi-party “democracy” through which change can never occur. Sham democracy is theatrics designed to placate foreign interests; to justify global investment and military intervention under the guise of “public good” whenever strategic locations or exploitable natural resources are under threat.

But even a sham democracy needs a measure of credibility. Afghan president Hamid Karzai, for example, was not about to repeat the mistake made by Algeria in 1991 when the pro-Western government allowed the Islamic Party to participate in – and WIN – the election, only to have the military seize power within days and nullify a legitimate Islamic victory.

President Berdymukhammedov was likely wiping perspiration from his forehead (and not caused by the heat) as he made his call for a multi-party system while in Dashoguz – near the border with Uzbekistan, a nation with an established Islamic insurgency and a corrupt president. Contrary to most analysts I believe that Turkmenistan already has a radical Islamic element, small and unorganized perhaps, but there just the same. Saparmyrat Niyazov kept this element “in check” through his neutralist foreign and trade policies (as set forth in Ruhnama) – but this cannot be said of President Berdymukhammedov who is moving closer to the West, which is perceived in Central Asia as an enemy of Islam. Mohammad Mohaddessin, in his book Islamic Fundamentalism, mentions that “Turkmen youths were reported especially vulnerable to Tehran’s fundamentalist propaganda.” That said, merely creating a sham multi-party democracy is insufficient to stem the potential for religious-fueled violence.

It is this writer’s opinion that President Berdymukhammedov is hoping to “buy time” by re-branding his illegal regime as a democratic government (in a limited sense) – and aligning himself with foreign military muscle – while ignoring a root cause that motivates jihad: collusion with nations, businesses and individuals believed to be detrimental to the cause of Islam.

[End.]

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A Story from Ruhnama: Befriending Ants

December 5, 2009 Comments off

The event which happened to Mane Baba (Ebu Said Mehnevi), who is one of the great persons of the world of meaning, proves that faith in God has an absolute effect on neighbor relations. Mane Baba had a poor neighbor, who barely maintained his living. As a believer of God, he was giving a part of his income to his neighbor.

One day, when the neighbor visited the believer of God, he was shocked to see him dispersing wheat to ants. The believer of God responded like this, seeing the surprised look of his neighbor: “These are my neighbors like you. I should concede the right of neighborhood to them.”

__________

Excerpt from:

Ruhnama (Book 2): The Spiritual Wealth of Turkmen
Saparmyrat Niyazov (Turkmenbashy the Great),
The State Publishing Service
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 2004.

[End.]

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A Story from Ruhnama: The Good Neighbor

December 5, 2009 Comments off

Human relations begin with your neighborhood. Nobody can be a guarantor to a person who is not in terms with his neighbors. Sultan Sanjar Abiverdli recruited the great scientist and poet, Enveri, to his palace, and gave him a house in the most beautiful part of the city.

Enveri moved into his place. He carried all his stuff within two to three days, settled in and put his life in order. Later, he found the conduct of his neighbor weird and invited him over for tea; and asked him:

“Neighbor, every day, you come from work when dark falls and scream as soon as you enter into the courtyard; screaming again when you enter your house and again when you are on the second floor; what is the meaning of this?”

“When I come back from work as an exhausted man and enter into the courtyard, my horse welcomes me by neighing and touring around the stick. I yell of happiness since God has endowed me with a beautiful horse like this. When I go into my house, my wife welcomes me with her smiley face; opens her arms and welcomes me with a well-prepared, rich and affluent table. I then scream of happiness since God gave me such a loyal and beautiful wife as well as this food and richness. When I go up to the top floor, my sons say:

‘Daddy, Daddy!’ and jump into my arms. This time, existence of my children bestowed to me makes me happy and I scream again.”

Enveri smiled and said:

“Then, it will be beneficial for you to scream a fourth time. Because you have a very good neighbor.”

The more relations increase, the more friendship and fraternity improves. As the relations increase, your horizon broadens and your subsistence and richness increase.

__________

Excerpt from:

Ruhnama (Book 2): The Spiritual Wealth of Turkmen
Saparmyrat Niyazov (Turkmenbashy the Great),
The State Publishing Service
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 2004.

[End.]

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A Story from Ruhnama: The Story of the Thief

December 5, 2009 Comments off

Once, a number of people were talking about a thief in a village. During the conversation Dovletmammet Azady spoke of the good manners of the thief. As if they had agreed in advance, all the sufis started saying good things about the thief. Other participants in the conversation thought that the thief was being treated like an angel, although he was clearly far from being one.

Days and months pass by, and the thief visits Azady in his home.

“Azady, Your Highness, I am enchanted by your power, look where you’ve placed me,” he cries out. “I heard of your remarks in that coversation praising me. I felt elevated and immediately gave up stealing. Even when I engage in any minor deed that might be improper, I always question myself as to what Azady His Highness would say in such a case. You really won my heart.” Azady says in reply:

“You have faith in your heart, so your conscience awoke.”

In another exchange some people said to Azady, “Your Highness, you knew that so-and-so was a thief, but you praised him. Why?”

“If you say good things about a man, and if I do the same and so do others, then the good aspects of that person will come out. But if you say bad things about that man, and if I do the same and so do others, then it will be as if that person were coated in black pitch. If possible, talk about the good qualities of a man, and not the bad ones. This is what wisdom tells you to do.”

__________

Excerpt from:

Ruhnama (Book 1): Reflections on the Spiritual Values of the Turkmen
Saparmyrat Niyazov (Turkmenbashy the Great)),
The State Publishing Service
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 1997-2001.

[End.]

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A Story from Ruhnama: Fate and Fortune

December 5, 2009 Comments off

Let me tell you a story about fate and fortune.

In a village there used to live three siblings. These three siblings always wanted to live happily ever after. However, the thoughts and wishes of the three were different. An elderly person took them to the desert since they were acquainted.

While the eldest sibling was talking to himself, walking in the desert, he saw a cave. When he looked carefully, he saw Fortune in it. Fortune asked the eldest sibling:

“What is your wish?”

“I want to have a garden like that of a palace!”

The eldest sibling, seeing a garden as big as a palace garden in the desert, ran to his garden.

Later, the second younger brother came. He sees Fortune in a big cave. Fortune asked him:

“What do you want?”

“A garden like a palace garden and a saddlebag of gold.”

The younger brother saw a garden appearing next to his elder brother’s and, of course, a saddlebag of gold in it. He just grabbed his saddlebag of gold and ran to his garden.

Later, the youngest sibling reached this cave.

What he saw was Fortune sitting in the cave.

Fortune said to the youngest sibling:

“Tell me your wish? What do you want?”

“What do you want for yourself?” asked the youngest brother.

“I want to get out of this cave” replied Fortune.

As soon as the youngest one released Fortune from the cave, he set out on his own.

Do you know what Fortune did?

Yes, Fortune ran after the youngest brother.

__________

Excerpt from:

Ruhnama (Book 2): The Spiritual Wealth of Turkmen
Saparmyrat Niyazov (Turkmenbashy the Great),
The State Publishing Service
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 2004.

[End.]

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A Story from Ruhnama: The Parable of the Flowers

December 5, 2009 Comments off

Believing in God is to believe in God’s presence and uniqueness. This belief saves the person from meaninglessness and from being errant. Assuming that lies would make a person happy is to go after a dream that will never come true. Reality is God’s consent.

In old times, there was a sagacious emperor, and his people loved him. But the emperor was enduring an absence; he did not have a son or a daughter. After a while, the emperor decided to adopt a child.

Public criers shouted, “Listen to me people! On Friday our emperor will adopt a child. This child must be a ten year-old boy; our emperor will leave his throne to his foster son, and he will rest. The people who want to give their sons to the emperor should gather in front of the palace on Friday.”

Before the crier finished talking, the public square in front of the palace became full of ten year-old boys.

The emperor gave flower seeds to each boy, and declared his condition: “After sowing these seeds and growing them, you should bring me a bunch of flowers. Of whose flowers that I become fond of, that boy will become my adopted son. You have three months; after this period it is our decision to gather in this same place.”

Three months passed. The emperor went to the square and saw that the square was full of beautiful flowers with different colors. The boys who had taken the seeds were waiting for the happy moment.

The emperor looked attentively at the boys while passing near them without stopping.

At another corner stood a boy crying who had no flowers in his hands. The emperor went near the boy, and stopped. He asks:

“Why are you crying?”

The boy spoke of his trouble:

“My emperor, the seeds that your Excellency has given me did not grow despite my efforts. I tried everything, but in vain. I am weeping because you will not adopt me since I do not have any flowers.”

The emperor replied, “Do not cry because of that, because I will adopt you as my son. Your seeds did not become flowers because I boiled them before giving them to you. These people who have brought flowers think that they can deceive me. Their flowers are not from my seeds. They found them somewhere else” said the emperor and hugged the boy.


“You told me the truth; you did not lie to me. Listen carefully, it is the person who accepts the truth, not the liar, who will become happy in the end.”

__________

Excerpt from:

Ruhnama (Book 2):  The Spiritual Wealth of Turkmen
Saparmyrat Niyazov (Turkmenbashy the Great),
The State Publishing Service
Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 2004.

[End.]

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